Governor Perry signed the Manufacturer Responsibility and Consumer Convenience Computer Equipment Collection and Recovery Act (HB 2714) in June 2007.
Effective September 1, 2008, manufacturers of electronic devices are required to pay for collection, transportation, and recycling of covered devices and can set up their own recycling take back program.
Texas Campaign for the Environment reports that Texans recycled 15,247,207 pounds of computer equipment in 2009. In 2010, this increased to 24,370,894 pounds or .97 lbs per capita.
Enforcement will begin September 1, 2008, when producers will have to pay for collection, transportation, and recycling of the covered devices below. This list does not include televisions at this time, and no level of service is mandated. Manufacturers of computers must have proper labeling for recovery, or they will face a penalty.
Currently, the law does not include a disposal ban.
May 21 - Texas Campaign for the Environment released a report analyzing Texas's Computer Take-Back Program with other states' e-waste recycling laws.
Bottle Bill Law
New Jersey does not currently have a bottle bill. Learn more about New Jersey's Bottle Bill Campaign: A 930 / S 1467.
New Jersey's e-waste law requires manufacturers of certain electronic devices to pay an annual registration fee and to establish recycling programs. Read more.
State Recycling News
Maine Governor John Baldacci signed Maine's e-waste bill, LD 1892, into law on April 20, 2004. This law is called An Act to Protect Public Health and the Environment by Providing for a System of Shared Responsibility for the Safe Collection and Recycling of Electronic Waste.
The law was implemented in January 2006, with a disposal ban for all monitors and television sets effective July 2006.
Hawaii Governor Lingle vetoed SB 2843, Electronic Waste Recycling Act, but the legislature overrode the veto and the bill became law in July 2008. Under this law, electronic manufacturers must establish plans to collect and recycle their products. This program is for consumers, businesses, nonprofits, and government.
In 2010, Hawaii collected 3,235,432 pounds of e-waste for recycling, or 2.38 pounds per person
Manufacturers of Covered Electronic Devices (CEDs) sold in the state of Hawaii must register with the Department of Health (DOH) and pay an annual registration fee of $5,000. Manufacturers must register with DOH prior to selling CEDs in Hawaii.
Manufacturer recycling plans must be implemented by January 1, 2010. There is no ban on prison labor.
HB 1809, which added TV in list of covered devices, passed the legislature and the bill became law without the governor's signature in 2009.
News Update: The law requires 43 manufacturers that sell covered electronic devices to have an electronic waste, or e-waste, recycling plan approved by the state by year's end. The state Department of Health says as of Dec. 7, 20 plans had been approved. According to a 2006 estimate, Oahu residents discard an average of more than 14 million pounds of electronic waste a year. (Manufacturing.net, Dec 14, 2009)
There is currently no disposal ban.
California continues to lead the nation in electronic waste policy as the only state that has successfully curbed both the illegal disposal and export of the largest category toxic electronics, which includes TVs, computer monitors, and laptops through CA's SB 20 (Sher, 2003). It's estimated that half will either be reused or recycled in California today.
SB 20 (Sher, 2003) and SB 50 (Sher, 2004) Electronic Waste Recycling Act
California has an Advanced Recovery Fee system where consumers pay a fee (currently $8, $16, or $25 depending on size of the screen) at the point of purchase to the retailers. Retailers would then send the fee money to the State Board of Equalization which deposits the fees into a state recycling fund called the Electronic Waste Recovery and Recycling Account. The State, specifically CalRecycle department, uses the fees to reimburse recyclers ($0.28/lb) and collectors ($0.20/lb) who submit receipts showing they have collected covered devices from state residents. This law was implemented in January 2005.
Companies cannot sell laptops, monitors, TVs, portable DVD players that exceed RoHS levels for Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, and Hexavalent chromium in California.
Disposal ban already in effect since 2002. In addition, the Department of Toxics Substances Control (DTSC) has recognized a wide array of consumer electronic products as hazardous, and, effective February 2006, they are prohibited from disposal in household trash, affecting thousands of consumer electronic devices. California currently has the most comprehensive landfill ban in the nation.
The Good News: Numbers to-date
View a list and brief overview of the major e-waste recycling legislation that has been passed throughout the United States.
SB 107 (State Senator Mark Miller)
Wisconsin Electronic Recycling Bill
Status: Effective January 2010
The bill establishes a collection and recycling system in Wisconsin for certain consumer electronic devices discarded by households, and bans landfilling or incineration of these devices in Wisconsin.
Under the law, a manufacturer may not sell a CED to a Wisconsin household through direct sale, at retail or to a retailer for resale, unless the manufacturer:
• Registers with the Department of Natural Resources (DNR)
• Arranges for the collection and recycling of eligible electronic devices. The target recycling goal is 80% of the weight of covered electronic devices sold three years prior to the program year. Sales include sales to households and K-12 public schools.
• Submits required reports
• Pays an annual registration fee of $5,000, and if applicable, shortfall fees
In its first year, Wisconsin collected 24 million pounds of ewaste, or 4.22 pounds per capita.
Televisions; computers (desktop, laptop, net book and tablet computers); desktop printers (including those that scan, fax and/or copy);computer monitors; other computer accessories (including keyboards, mice, speakers, external hard drives and flash drives); DVD players, VCRs and other video players (i.e., DVRs); fax machines; and cell phones.
Covered Electronic Devices:
- Desktop Style printers
- Tvs and computer monitors at least 7" in diameter.
Other devices eligible for recycling credit: